Is what is known in the present day as Jaigarh fort, It was actually the main defensive structure rather than the palace itself. Jaigarh fort and amber palace are connected by subterranean passages and considered as one complex.
The oral history preserved in the traditional folktales and folklores of this tribe affirm the kingdom of Meena (Mindesh) with its capital at Amber.”Meena history spread over eleventh (11th) and twelfth (12th) century AD. Tells the heroic tales of violent clashes between Meena and Rajput chiefs are centered around Dhundhar-the ancient kingdom of the Meenas.
The name Dhundhar is derived from a celebrated sacrificial mount on the western frontiers near Jobner. Some Meena historians are of the opinion that the name Dhundhar is derived from a demon king called Dhundhar whose cave is still pointed out on a hill at Kolta which is at the east of Jaipur city. Another ideology of the name Dhundhar is from the river called Dhund which was the bone of contention in demarcating the area ruled by Meena and Rajput chiefs. (Rizvi, SHM : 1987)
Amer under Meenas
Amer Fort is situated in the Amer town which is at the distance of 11 km from Jaipur. The Amer town was firstly occupied and administered by Meenas. As they worshipped Goddess Amba, so on that basis they named the place as Amer or Amber. Goddess Amba was also known as Gatta Rani or Queen of Pass. History says that Amer town was previously known as Khogong which was ruled by Raja Ratun Singh or Alan Singh Chanda.
Amer under Kachwahas
Kachwahas are said to be the descendants of Kush, the second son of Lord Rama. One of the descendants of Kush was Raja Nal who settled in Nurwar. Raja Sora Singh was the descendant of Raja Nal who was killed and his son Dhola Rae was deprived of inheritance.
As Dhola Rae was an infant, his mother felt that the usurper may kill her and the child so she put the child in a basket and reached near Khogong which was ruled by Meenas. Being hungry she was plucking wild berries. Seeing a snake near the basket she screamed but a Brahmin saw and told that the baby has a very bright future.
He took her to Khogong where she asked the king to give her some employment for survival. The queen included her in her slaves. One day, as per the order, she cooked food which was liked by the king. When he listened her story, he adopted her as sister and Dhola Rae as his nephew. Dhola Rae was sent to Delhi at the age of 14 and he returned after five years.
The Kachwaha Rajputs returned with Dhola Rae and as per their conspiracy, they killed many of the royal people and the public during the celebration of Diwali festival. In this way, the Kachwahas overtook the town from the Meenas. The first king of the Kachwahas was Raja Kakil Dev who made Amer town his capital in 1036AD. The construction of the fort was started by Raja Man Singh in 967AD and was expanded by Raja Jai Singh I. The fort was improved by many other rulers who succeeded Jai Singh I. Jai Singh II shifted his capital from Amer town to Jaipur.
Structures inside Amer Fort
The structures built by the Meenas were demolished by the Kachwahas to make their structures. The fort includes halls, palaces, temples, and many other structures. People can reach the fort through their vehicles or they can ride elephants for the purpose.
Dausa District was constituted on 10 April 1991 by separating four tehsils, namely Dausa, Baswa, Sikrai, & Lalsot from Jaipur district. Mahwa Tehsil of Sawai Madhopur was included in this district on 15 August 1992. Prior to 1991, Dausa was a part of Jaipur district. Dausa is located in the Dhundhar region of Rajasthan and forms the north-eastern boundary of the state. This place was under the rule of Chouhan Rajputs and Badgurjars in the 10th century AD. Dausa was the capital of Dhundhar at that time. Chouhan ruler Raja Soodh Dev ruled the place from 996 AD till 1006 AD. From 1006 AD till 1036 AD, the place was under the rule of Raja Dule Rai.Dausa is named after a hill near the city that was called Devgiri. On the top of hill is situated a fort, built by Badgujar kings, who were the orininal rulers of this area. Later, Dausa was given by Chauhans to Kachwahas, but the centre of their power shifted to Amber. When Akbar went to Ajmer as a pilgrim to Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti in 1562, he stayed in Dausa and met with Rupsi Baragi, Hakim of Dausa at the time and brother of Bharmal. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Dausa. The main crops of the district are wheat, bajra, rapeseed, mustard and groundnuts.During the struggle of India’s Independence, many freedom fighters belonged to Dausa. Late Shri Ram Karan Joshi and Late Shri Tikaram Paliwal were among them. After Independence, Late Shri Tikaram Paliwal became the first Chief Minister of Rajasthan while Late Shri Ram Karan Joshi was the elected as the first Panchayati Raj Minister.
to be continued…
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